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ENGL 101 - English Composition I - Woodring

This guide provides research and citation support for your ENGL 101 writing assignments.

Google Advanced

Google’s Advanced Search provides easy access to more relevant results.

Add .edu, .org. or. Gov into the “site or domain” box to target more reliable websites.

Find pages with…

All these words:

This exact word or Phrase:


Any of these words:

None of these words:             

Then narrow your results by….



Last update:

Site or domain:

Terms appearing:

File type:

Evaluating Web Information

Why is it important to evaluate information you find when you use Google (or another search engine)?

  • Anyone can post information to the Web
  • There is no guarantee that the information you find has been checked for accuracy
  • Because there is so much information available online, you need strategies for deciding which is the best information to use

Getting Information off the internet is like taking a drink from a fire hydrant poster

"information overload" by SparkCBC on flickr at (CC BY-SA 2.0)

What is the CRAAP Test?

  • The CRAAP Test was originally developed at California State University, Chico.

  • CRAAP is an acronym in which each letter represents one of five criteria which can be considered when deciding if information is credible to use for research and academic writing. It is particularly important to critically evaluate Web sources before using them. Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose

  • The graphic below (from Humber Libraries at Humber College) lists the criteria. (

CRAAP Test Criteria

  • The following rubric is useful for deciding on the value and quality of a website for research. It was developed by the Ron E. Lewis Library at Lamar State College--Orange.

Types of "Fake News" -- See the HACC Library "Fake News" LibGuide for More Information and Tips 

Imposter News Sites

These websites are designed to look like legitimate sites and incorporate some facts into their stories, but the articles are false. They are an attempt to convince readers to pass the news on as if it were true. These fake news sites get revenue from the ads you see on the page.


Real News Right Now


Satire websites not really "fake news". These sites that may be topical, but the stories are not real. They are meant to be humorous, not to deceive the reader.

The Onion


Clickbait and Hoaxes

These websites also have bits of true stories but insinuate and make up other details to create an emotional response, typically anger or fear. Most of these are conspiratorial in nature, are very unreliable, and frequently shared on social media.  The stories often feature outrageous headlines in all capital letters.

The Daily Sheeple


Web Extension Meaning/What it Stands For
.com commercial
.gov government
.edu educational institution
.org organization
.mil military
Watch out for often used by fake news sites