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SOCI 201 - Introduction to Sociology - Flavin: APA In-Text Citation Guide

APA In-Text Articles

APA intext citation graphic organizer

APA In-Text Citations: BASICS

Are you paraphrasing a source?

  • Yes- One author (Smith, 2019)
  • Yes- Two authors (Smith & Jones, 2019)
  • Yes- Three or more authors-  (Smith et al., 2020)
  • No- No in-text citation needed

Are you quoting a source?

  • Yes- One author (Smith, 2019, p. 45)
  • Yes- Two authors (Smith & Jones, 2019, p. 45)
  • Yes- Three or more authors-  (Smith et al., 2020, p. 45).
  • No- No in-text citation needed

Does the article have an author?

  • Yes- One author with quote (Smith, 2019, p. 45), one author without quote (Smith, 2019)
  • Yes- Two authors with a quote (Smith & Jones, 2019, p. 45), two authors without quote (Smith & Jones, 2019)
  • Yes- Three or more authors with quote-  (Smith et al., 2020, p. 45). Three or more authors without quote -  (Smith et al., 2020).
  • No- Use a shortened article title when quoting (“Heart Health,” 2019, p. 45), use a shortened article title when paraphrasing ("Hearth Health," 2020)

Is the author mentioned in the sentence?

  • Yes- (2019)
  • No- Use a shortened article title when quoting (“Heart Health,” 2019, p. 45), use a shortened article title when paraphrasing ("Hearth Health," 2020)

 

APA In-Text Websites

 APA In-Text Citations: QUOTING OR PARAPHRASING FROM A WEBSITE

Does the website have an author?

  • Yes- One author (Smith, 2019)
  • Yes- Two authors (Smith & Jones, 2019)
  • Yes- Three or more authors ((Smith, et al. 2020)
  • No- The website is authored by a group or organization (Mothers Against Drunk Drivers [MADD], 2019); thereafter use (MADD, 2019)
  • No- The website is authored by the government (United States Department of Labor [USDOL], 2019); thereafter use (USDOL, 2019)
  • No- (National Geographic, 2019)

 

Authors mentioned in the text (In-text)

Name the author(s) in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses.

A Work by One Author:

Research by Wegener (2020) supports ....

Author not mentioned in the text: (Wegener, 2020).

A Work by Two Authors:

Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) supports...

Author not mentioned in the text: (Wegener & Petty, 1994)
 

A Work by Three or more Authors:

Research by Smith, Jones, Brown, and Miller (2020) supports ...

Author not mentioned in the text- (Smith et al., 2020, p. 45).

Reference

Paiz, J.M., Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., ...Keck, R. (2014) In-text citations: Author/authors. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/03.