This fillable template will guide you through identifying the types of information you need to gather about a source in order to create the citation within the Works Cited page. When you are asked for a "Container" you are being asked for the larger source that your article, webpage, or chapter is contained within. For example, a chapter is contained within a book:
The following includes examples for a variety of common types of resources a student uses in their work.
According to Garcia, "Text of quotation" (121).
"Text of quotation" (Garcia 121).
White, Ismail K., and Chryl N. Laird. Steadfast Democrats: How Social Forces Shape Black Political Behavior. Princeton UP, 2020.
According to White and Laird, "Text of quotation" (117).
"Text of quotation" (White and Laird 117).
Hurley-Hanson, Amy E., et al. Autism in the Workplace: Creating Positive Employment and Career Outcomes for Generation A. Palgrave Macmillan, 2020.
According to Hurley-Hanson et al., "Text of quotation" (59).
"Text of quotation" (Hurley-Hanson, et al. 59).
According to Rendon and Kanagala, "Text of quotation" (117).
"Text of quotation" (Rendon and Kanagala 117).
Blue Cloud, Peter. “Rattle.” When the Light of the World Was Subdued, Our Songs Came Through: A Norton Anthology of Native Nations Poetry, edited by Joy Harjo, W. W. Norton, 2020, p. 33.
According to Blue Cloud, "Text of quotation" (39).
"Text of quotation" (Blue Cloud 33).
Johnson, Earl. Finding Comfort During Hard Times : A Guide to Healing After Disaster, Violence, and Other Community Trauma. Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2020. EBSCOhost, https://ezproxy.hacc.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=2398724&site=ehost-live&scope=site.
According to Johnson, "Text of quotation" (202).
"Text of quotation" (Johnson 202).
McBride, James. Deacon King Kong. E-book ed., Riverhead Books, 2020. Overdrive.
McBride states, "Text of quotation" (89).
"Text of quotation" (McBride 89).
Suzuki, Yoko. "Enka Music." Music around the World: A Global Encyclopedia, edited by Andrew R. Martin and Matthew Mihalka, vol. 1, ABC-CLIO, 2020, pp. 252-254. Gale eBooks, https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/CX7327400103/GVRL?u=harr60939&sid=bookmark-GVRL&xid=0d089d86.
According to Suzuki, "Text of quotation" (253).
"Text of quotation" (Suzuki 253).
Yakubu, Okhumode H. "Delivering Environmental Justice through Environmental Impact Assessment in the United States: The Challenge of Public Participation." Challenges, vol. 9, no. 1, 2018. ProQuest, http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.hacc.edu/10.3390/challe9010009.
Yu, Qinggang, et al. "Racial Residential Segregation and Economic Disparity Jointly Exacerbate COVID‐19 Fatality in Large American Cities." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1494, no. 1, 2021, pp. 18-30. ProQuest, http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.hacc.edu/scholarly-journals/racial-residential-segregation-economic-disparity/docview/2539985510/se-2?accountid=11302.
"Out of the Shadows: Mental Health." The Economist, vol. 415, no. 8935, Apr 25, 2015, pp. 56-57. ProQuest, http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.hacc.edu/magazines/out-shadows-mental-health/docview/1675910741/se-2?accountid=11302.
“Are Tanning Pills and Other Tanning Products Safe?” American Cancer Society, 23 July 2019, www.cancer.org/healthy/be-safe-in-sun/tanning-pills-and-products.html.
Imbler, Sabrina. “What If You Could Become Invisible to Mosquitos?” The New York Times, 17 Aug. 2021, https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/17/science/crispr-mosquito-vision.html.
Bettmann. Daniel Hale Williams. Biography, www.biography.com/news/daniel-hale-williams-first-open-heart-surgery-story.
Within the Text
Ross, Loretta J. "Don't Call People Out, Call Them In." YouTube, uploaded by TED, 4 Aug. 2021, https://youtu.be/xw_720iQDss.
"Ending Child Marriage in Jordan: A Bride with a Doll." Equality Now, 21 June 2021, https://www.equalitynow.org/a_bride_with_a_doll.
Luse, Brittany and Eric Eddings, hosts. "Trans Lives, Front and Center." The Nod, Gimlet Media, 11 Aug. 2020. https://gimletmedia.com/shows/the-nod/6nhb9dw/trans-lives-front-and-center.
Chang, Joe. Telephone interview with the author. 2 Aug. 2021.
Chang, Joe. Email message to the author. 2 Aug. 2021.
Chang, Joe. Text message to the author. 2 Aug. 2021.
When writing your paper, you need to provide an in-text citation that tells the reader which of your sources the information came from. This citations shows up within the paper as either part of the introductory phrase of the sentence or in parentheses at the end of the sentence.
"An in-text citation begins with the shortest piece of information that directs your reader to the entry in the Works Cited list. Thus it begins with whatever comes first in the entry" (usually the author). A second 'location" component will also often be included, if available. Examples of second components are page numbers; line numbers; and time stamps (Modern Language Association 227-228).
In-text citations must be included for both direct quotations and paraphrases.
According to Smith, the number of students relying on citation software has increased (234).
The number of students relying on citation software has increased (Smith 234).
This in-text citation points the reader to the Works Cited page to find the complete citation.