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Spring 2022 Updates
Learning Commons spaces are closed until January 28th and remote services are being offered. For more information, please see theSpring 2022 Updatespage.
The CRAAP Test developed by the Meriam Library at California State University, Chico.
Definition: In an instructional setting, plagiarism occurs when a writer deliberately uses someone else’s language, ideas, or other original (not common-knowledge) material without acknowledging its source.
While some types of writing aren't as concerned with documenting sources, ideas, images, sounds, etc. traditional academic writing requires these best practices.
Sources: wpacouncil.org and owl.english.purdue.edu
Use a * to include forms or variants of words in your search
Example: type test* to search for test, testing, tests
Adding a ~
Adding a tilde (~) to your search term will return related terms.
Example: ~nutrition will search also nutrition, food and health
Adding a -
Adding a negative (-) to your search term will take away that term in your search.
Example: Pets -cats will not find web sites that focus upon cats as pets.
By inserting quotes around an exact phase, you will search only the words you type in, in that exact order with no words in between term.
Example: "consumer product chemistry"
Using AND, OR, NOT can broaden or narrow a search depending on your inquiry. "AND" will give you results that contain both words. "OR" will give results about either word and "NOT" will not search the term preceding.
Example: Summer AND Flower, Summer OR Flower, Summer NOT flower
Different professions have their own requirements for documentation and publish their own style manuals. At HACC three styles are used by faculty in various disciplines:
American Psychological Association (APA)
Council of Science Editors (CSE)
Modern Language Association (MLA)
Ask your professor which style they would like you to use, and get help citing your sources on the Citation Guide