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Fake News

Guide developed by HACC Librarians with input from HACC Communications and English Faculty

Fact Checking Websites

Identifying Misinformation

How to Spot Fake News

How to Spot Fake News Graphic

How to Spot Fake News

Consider the Source

  • Is there an author? Check out their credentials on relevant issues..

Read Beyond

  • Headlines can be outrageous in the effort to get clicks. What's the whole story?

Supporting Sources?

  • Click on links or check with official sources. Do they support the story?.

Do Others Agree?

  • Are any other sites reporting this? What sources are they citing?.

Is it a Joke?

  • If it is too outlandish, it might be satire. Research the source to be sure.

Check your Biases

  • Consider if your beliefs or concerns could affect your judgement..

Ask the Experts

  • Ask a librarian, or consult a fact-checking site, official source like the WHO.

Look Before You Share

  • Don't share posts or stories that you haven't checked out first!.

SIFT Information Evaluation Habits



  • Do you know the website?
  • What is its reputation?
  • What is your purpose?
  • How do you feel?
  • Consider cognitive biases.


Investigate the Source

  • What exactly is the source?
  • What can you find out about the website?
  • What about the author?
  • Is it worth your time?


Find Other Coverage

  • Is other coverage similar?
  • Can you find a better source?
  • One more trusted?
  • More in-depth?
  • What do expert sources agree on with coverage?


Trace to the Original Source

  • Can you find the original source?
  • What is the original context?
  • Has it been accurately presented?