Let’s assume you have the following quote in the journal article you are summarizing (this is the original wording with a correct quotations citation):
Enthusiasts claim that DHEA gives them more energy, restores muscle tone, boosts their cognitive abilities and perks up their libido (Kluger, 1996, p. 94).
If in your paper you wrote the following (and did not cite including quotations marks and the page number):
Enthusiasts claim that DHEA gives them more energy, restores muscle tone, boosts their cognitive abilities and perks up their libido.
This is an example of quoting verbatim (without citation) and is very serious. Do not copy from your resource unless you cite it correctly. Do not copy from other sources or websites. While your professor may not catch every person who copies, most professors catch and penalize students every semester for copying verbatim from websites or articles. It is not enough to have a reference at the end of the paper. If you quote material word for word (verbatim) them you MUST cite it appropriately or you are plagiarizing.
If you only change the wording slightly and do not cite, you will still be plagiarizing For example, if you wrote:
Enthusiasts report that DHEA gives them more energy, restores muscle tone, boosts their cognitive ability and increases their libido.
First, if this is your paraphrase, you need to go back and try a little harder- a good rule of thumb is no more than 3 original words in a row. Since you paraphrased (and not very well) and also did not cite it, you are still plagiarizing. When it is this close to the original wording it is still considered a quote and would need to be cited as such (better to quote correctly or paraphrase correctly in all instances). When in doubt- cite a source
Another form of plagiarism does not copy word for word, but instead copies the content of the material and is not cited correctly. If you wrote the following:
People who like DHEA say that it enhances their energy and their memory as well as their sex drive.
Again, although this is a much better paraphrase, without citation this is plagiarism. While the words may be your own, the idea/research is not. Give credit where credit is due. While this paraphrasing would not need quotation marks it would need a correct citation at the end of the sentence, in this case it would be (Kluger, 1996).
Whenever you are using information from a source, you must cite that source. The only exception to this is common knowledge information. Common knowledge is things that most people would know.
Originally created by Professor Lynne Weber and updated by the Harrisburg Area Community College APA Curriculum Review Team. Date reviewed: May 2020.